MEDSCIENCE Lives #1

This our New Variant. Science is our life. MEDSCIENCE is nothing but medicine science of body and it’s environment. We from now share new scientific facts and mythbusters that make your life ease and more healthy because that must be our atmost priority. Here we begin with some,

 1).Calorie in and calorie out theory.

You might be familiar with advertisements regarding weight gain and loose, dietitians, diet books etc. But here is the real science of weight. This is called the calorie in calorie out theory. 

  It comes down to what and how much you eat over the day rather than when you eat most of your food. At last all it counts is the number of calories. Calorie is a calorie, regardless of when you eat it.

 If you over indulge in eating, you gain more calories and become fat. Weight gain is simply eating more calories than you burn. If you consume less calories than your body’s metabolic rate you loose weight. Whenever you eat, moderate your calories.

Some diet books recommend not to eat after dinner because it’s easy to overdo it. After dinner snacks tend to consists of large portions of high calorie foods like chips, cookies. While sitting in front of TV it’s easy to consume the entire bag before you realise it. But there’s nothing wrong with eating a snack after dinner as long as you plan as part of your daily calories and hustle to burn them.

2). what is Heartburn?

 Heart burn is actually a symptom of GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease) and as name says is caused by acid from stomach refluxing back to oesophagus. It commanly occurs in area of oesophagus and located beside the heart so the name heartburn leaving this Heart is nowhere related to the disease.

Risk factors: Foods that increase acid secretion and trigger heartburn like

  • spicy foods
  • citrus products
  • onions
  • Tomato products like ketchup
  • peppermint
  • chocolate
  • alcohol
  • carbonated beverages
  • caffeinated beverages like coffee
  • fats

 Pathology: Decrease in tone of LES( lower oesophagus sphincter) due to neural damage supplied to LES. This allows acid to reflux into oesophagus.

 Prevention:

  •  Avoid lying down for atleast 2 hours  after eating food.
  • Avoid above food
  • Antacid medications ease the symptoms

 3).  Drinking milk before bed? Is it worth?

Certain compounds in milk specifically tryptophan is important. Tryptophan which is an essential amino acid which means you must get it from foods because body doesn’t produce it and it also synthesise various crucial chemical compounds. Hope you all knew it what tryptophan is. 

So tryptophan in milk produces neurotransmitter serotonin which promotes relaxation and is also a precursor in the production of hormone melatonin (sleep hormone) which prepares body to sleep. 

So the Indian bedtime routine culture which includes milk is a way to fall asleep.

5). Eating a banana before bedtime? 

 A medium sized banana contains 34  grams of magnesium and amino acid tryptophan. 

 Magnesium helps maintain a normal circadian cycle- internal body clock.

 Supplementing with magnesium daily increases melatonin production(sleep hormone) and reduce cortisol levels (stress hormone).

Again same drill for tryptophan, which produces serotonin which in turn is a precursor of melatonin and we fall asleep.

6). How does fiber helps in constipation?

   Constipation: it is a state of bowel in which the evacuation are infrequent and difficult or intestines become filled with hardened faces.

 This is where, Role of dietary fiber comes into play.

    It increase weight and size of stool and softens it. It absorbs water (H2O) and add bulk to stool. Bulkier the stool is, more easy to pass it. They stimulate the bowel movement.

Fibers :- a) Soluble :  Gives stool bulk 

                      – Apple, Banana, Barley, oats, beans, potatoes.

                   b) Insoluble : Helps speed up the transit of food in digestive tract and prevent constipation 

Wheat bran, whole grains, seeds and vegetables.

 7).  Having a  plate of curd rice only to find yourself snoozing on your bench until your professor hits a piece of chalk on you? 

Happened to all of us huh? 

Again the culprit here is our very essential amino acid tryptophan. Tryptophan needs to reach brain in order to get completely utilised and get converted into serotonin and then melatonin ( sleep hormone) for that it need to cross blood brain barrier and has to compete with other amino acids.

According to the research of  American journal of clinical nutrition meals rich in carbohydrates promotes the transfer of tryptophan. 

Here is where the rice in curd rice comes into play. Is curd rich in carbs? Of course it is.

This combination of tryptophan rich curd with carbohydrate filled rice with the help of your brain puts you into sleep. 

Meet you next time with new scientific facts that will change your living.

Being Medico

References

https://www.webmd.com/diet/features/diet-truth-myth-eating-night-causes-weight-gain

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/drinking-milk-before-bed

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/banana-before-bed#bananas-sleep-quality

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320540

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heartburn/symptoms-causes/syc-20373223

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